Lotus is a relict genus with only two species with a disjunct distribution: The Asian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera, including Nelumbo komarovii, the famous "Siberian Lotus", which is not a species of its own, but a synonym of the common species only) orginates in wintercold China and has been widely naturalized throughout Asia. The Asian Lotus has pale rose to pink or rarely white flowers. The North American Lotus (Nelumbo lutea) has pale yellow to almost white flowers. On an auction platform you may see sometimes blue, purple or intense red Lotus flowers - be aware that these are not real photos, but these are either digitally color-"enhanced" and/or flowers are cut and placed in a vase with blue ink water! To name it: these sellers are fooling you!
Unlike it is mentioned in most garden literature, both Lotus species are fully winterhardy as long as the rhizome does not freeze through! They are herbaceous aquatic plants with a stout creeping underground rhizome and large round leaves. Unlike the not closer related water lilies (Nymphaea spp.) with floating leaves, Lotus leaves and flowers are hold on tall stalks well above the waterlevel. Lotus are native of swamps and lakes and make impressive, long lasting tropical flowers followed by large disc-shaped seedpods which are used in dry flower arrangements. In colder climates they are best grown in large 50 liter containers filled with 1/2 soil and 1/2 water. Important: Containers have to be round and not rectangular! Lotus make creeping rhizomes and if the rhizome is stuck in a corner inside a rectangular pot it will fade away. In winter containers shall be kept frostfree at a minimum of some 1°C so that the soil and the rhizome will not freeze through. Both species are winterhardy, yet they require a certain sum of wamth during their growing period in summer in order to start to flower. Thus they can be successfully grown in shallow water at the edge of a pond with the rhizome planted rather deep so that it will not be touched by freezing. However under this conditons they will flower in rather warm summers only in Central Europe.
Provided will be scarified seed, thus the seeds can be sowed right away without any additional treatment. Fill a bowl with water and soak seeds in a sunny and warm spot not below 20°C. Change water daily to reduce the risk of bacterial infections. Seeds will start to swell and after some 4 to 10 days the seedling will appear. After germination transplant the seedling into a humus rich soil and fill the pot with water to the top so that the tip of the seedling is hold just below waterlevel. Carefully transplant to larger pots as seedlings get larger. Do not bend or break rhizomes, for this will inevitably lead to bacterial infections and may result in a complete loss! Plants are very fast growing and will make their first flowers within 1 year after sowing!
All are USDA Climate Zone 6 (Nelumbo lutea), respectively USDA Climate Zone 8 (Nelumbo nucifera).
3 large, pre-treated and handselected seeds per package.